Snowy Owl

Snowy Owl

"Kodiak"

Snowy owls are native to Arctic regions in North America and Eurasia. They winter south through Canada and northern Eurasia, with irruptions occurring further south in some years. Between 1967 and 1975, snowy owls bred on the remote island of Fetlar in the Shetland Isles north of Scotland. Females summered as recently as 1993, but their status in the British Isles is now that of a rare winter visitor to Shetland, the Outer Hebrides and the Cairngorms.


Snowy Owl Facts

Bubo scandiacus


TERRITORY/LOCATION

Snowy owls are native to Arctic regions in North America and Eurasia. They winter south through Canada and northern Eurasia, with irruptions occurring further south in some years. Between 1967 and 1975, snowy owls bred on the remote island of Fetlar in the Shetland Isles north of Scotland. Females summered as recently as 1993, but their status in the British Isles is now that of a rare winter visitor to Shetland, the Outer Hebrides and the Cairngorms.

HABITAT

The Snowy Owl is a bird of Arctic tundra or open grasslands and fields. They rarely venture into forested areas. During southward movements they appear along lakeshores, marine coastlines, marshes, and even roost on buildings in cities and towns. In the Arctic, they normally roost on pingaluks (rises in the tundra).

DIET

Snowy owl are diurnal and hunt during the day and night,

This powerful bird relies primarily on lemmings and other small rodents for food during the breeding season. They are opportunistic hunters and prey species may vary considerably, especially in winter. They feed on a wide variety of small mammals but will take advantage of larger prey like hares, rats, rabbits. Each bird must capture roughly 7 to 12 mice per day to meet its food requirement and can eat more than 1,600 lemmings per year.

NESTING

They nest on the ground, building a scrape on top of a mound or boulder. A site with good visibility is chosen, such as the top of a mound with ready access to hunting areas and a lack of snow.

Breeding occurs May to June, clutch sizes from 3 to 11 eggs.

SIZE/WEIGHT

It is 52–71 cm long, with a 125–164cm wingspan. Also, these owls can weigh anywhere from 1134-2000g. Females are larger and heavier than males.

LIFE EXPECTANCY

9.5 years old in the wild

28 years old in captivity

 

DID YOU KNOW?

There is only an estimated 257,000 Snowy Owls left in the wild. Snowy Owls are endangered because when their main food source, lemmings, has a low population these rare birds fly south.

map
Secret Owl Garden Footer
British Birds of Prey Logo

The Secret Owl Garden
Picton Castle
The Rhos
Haverfordwest
Pembrokeshire
SA62 4AS


Opening Times

Daily: 10am to 5:00pm

Tel: 01437 751725

info@secretowlgarden.co.uk

© 2017 The Secret Owl Garden
Website by Nexmedia